On the evening of June 11, 1978, some young people were brainstorming to prevent discrimination against the migrant students in Pakistan’s largest educational institution, University of Karachi. In the same meeting, it is decided that there is an urgent need for a student organization which is a representative organization of migrant students. Then only with the training and thoughts of Akhtar Rizvi and Rais Amrohawi, the All Pakistan Migrant Students Organization was established.
All Pakistan Muhajir Students Organization has the distinction over all other student organizations of Pakistan that it did not come into being from the womb of any political party like other student organizations but was born from within this student organization itself by the third largest political party of Pakistan. Lia, which first became the Mahajir Qaumi Movement and later the Muttahida Qaumi Movement.
A political party formed forty years ago, the Muttahida Qaumi Movement was the representative majority party in Karachi for nearly three decades, emerging as a middle-class party. What did the people of Karachi lose in these forty years? What did you find? Every Karachiite knows this. But it is a fact that MQM won elections 11 times, became federal minister 6 times, became a part of the provincial cabinet 6 times and managed to give those rights to the people of Karachi even after taking the governorship for 14 years and being the governorship for the second time. Could not, for which purpose MQM came into existence.
The country’s third largest political party, the MQM, first experienced factionalism and internal crisis in 1991 when MQM founder Altaf Hussain expelled two central party leaders, Afaq Ahmed and Aamir Khan. While the second serious crisis came in August 2013 when the most popular leader of the party and the mayor of Karachi, Mustafa Kamal, left the party and went to Dubai and in October, the most powerful leader of the party, Anees Qaim Khani, also joined Mustafa Kamal.
For the third time, MQM disintegrated in such a way that they had to leave their leader and founder. After a controversial speech by the founder of Muttahida on 22 August 2016, there was such an upheaval in the party that MQM could not recover from then on and even the current leaders had to express their indifference to their own leader. Since then MQM could not maintain unity in its ranks and kept getting divided into factions.
After August 22, 2016, several leaders in the party were opposed to the leadership of Dr. Farooq Sattar and this disagreement intensified when Farooq Sattar insisted on the name of Kamran Tesori for the Senate ticket and Aamir Khan was at the forefront of the opposition. It was February 2018, when the Senate elections were to be held before the general elections, at that time MQM Pakistan, like other parties, held a long meeting and consultation to finalize the candidates for the Senate elections. Meanwhile, Dr. Farooq Sattar proposed the name of MQM Deputy Convenor Kamran Tesori as the party candidate in the Senate elections, which was openly objected to by other members of the committee and advised not to give him a ticket. It was granted, but Dr. Farooq Sattar insisted on making Kamran Tesori a senator in any case. Result MQM’s worst defeat in Senate elections came out MQM only elected Dr. Farogh Naseem as senator and the other four candidates lost.
Since then, differences between Aamir Khan and Farooq Sattar intensified and on February 5, 2018, the coordination committee expelled Dr. Farooq Sattar and Kamran Tesori from the party on a two-thirds majority decision. After that, Farooq Sattar formed his own party in the name of MQM Revival Committee, which MQM Pakistan had to suffer in the by-election results.
The turning point came in September 2022 when MQM-Pakistan re-inducted Kamran Tesuri into the party as Deputy Convenor and a few days later nominated Kamran Tesuri as its candidate for Sindh Governor. On which Aamir Khan objected and this became the reason why Aamir Khan’s differences could not be reduced. He was also not satisfied with Kamran Tesori being nominated as the governor and taking the administratorship of Karachi, so he quietly moved to Dubai.
Kamran Tesori became the governor and was welcomed by all MQM affiliated factions. Kamran Tesuri met with Mustafa Kamal and Dr. Farooq Sattar to integrate him into MQM. The role played by Nine Zero in the past is now played by the Sindh Governor House. The Governor House was made the center of contacts and meetings between party factions, where all parties came without objection and this resulted in a protest outside the office of the Election Commission of Sindh on January 11, when all the parties of the Muhajirs did not. Not only did he participate in it but also gave passionate speeches and then came the day for which Kamran Tesori had been active since getting the governorship, on the afternoon of Thursday 12th January 2023, the three factions of the MQM merged. All of them pledged to work under one name and one flag under the leadership of Khalid Maqbool Siddiqui and declared a political struggle together again.
After the merger of all factions of MQM, MQM held successive meetings with the Governor of Sindh and the leadership of PPP and nothing was achieved except consolations and finally, one night before the local body elections, MQM boycotted the local body elections. announced, which brought MQM to the position of Pak Sarzameen Party in Karachi. Now that the elections have been done, although the turnout was very low, but still someone will come as mayor, but MQM will not be able to do anything about this situation.
There is a mixed trend among the people of Karachi regarding this integration. On the one hand, there are non-political Urdu speakers who are describing all these developments as positive. In their view, at least the Urdu speaking politicians have united on one platform and they want that as all the leaders have united, there are many senior leaders who are not visible, like Haider Abbas Rizvi and other leaders etc. , they should also be included. On the other hand, there are critics who are calling this merger a politics of interest. They believe that no family or community can function without a leader, there must be someone above them all who can control them all.
According to political observers, no other political organization has endured as much abuse and atrocities as this Jamaat in Karachi. MQM has not been allowed to function openly since the 1992 operation till date. Presently MQM is fighting for its survival.
Political observers say that the weather in Karachi was cold and the atmosphere of politics was hot. Even after all factions of MQM are united, there will be no point in coming together unless MQM London is blessed. This new MQM includes conditions that the coordination committee will be abolished, there will be no organizational sectors, units in charge as in the past, nor will the Khitmat Khalq Foundation be allowed to collect donations as in the past. Now it is to be seen how long this merger of MQM lasts.