Global Statistics

All countries
548,935,393
Confirmed
Updated on June 27, 2022 1:19 am
All countries
520,730,887
Recovered
Updated on June 27, 2022 1:19 am
All countries
6,350,765
Deaths
Updated on June 27, 2022 1:19 am

Coronavirus GLOBAL STATISTICS

All countries
548,935,393
Confirmed
Updated on June 27, 2022 1:19 am
All countries
21,853,741
Active
Updated on June 27, 2022 1:19 am
All countries
520,730,887
Recovered
Updated on June 27, 2022 1:19 am
All countries
6,350,765
Deaths
Updated on June 27, 2022 1:19 am

What can Russia do in HiTech? Analyzing the White Paper, Part 1

In this article, we find out whether Russia has prospects in new technologies and what work is being done now in this area. Based on the White Paper, we have selected the most relevant statistics: dry facts, percentages and many, many real examples.

“White Paper” is a widely used format of an analytical report with an accessible presentation in the world. The publication opens a series of annual reports on the development of high-tech areas. On February 16, the Russian Government presented the White Paper, prepared by the National Research University Higher School of Economics jointly with the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia, leading companies, relevant ministries and expert organizations.

The book covers the entire Russian hi-tech, describes in figures the state of affairs in major areas and introduces basic concepts such as blockchain, qubit, internet of things, artificial intelligence.

Artificial intelligence
In 2019, Russian facial recognition algorithms took first place three times in the international testing of facial recognition algorithms by the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).

Yandex has created the world’s best image search service and the best English-Russian and Russian-English translators. Google, Bing, Baidu and Microsoft are left behind.

Artificial intelligence brings your favorite characters to life on TV screens. So by May 9, a film about saboteurs was released with the participation of Vladislav Galkin, who has long been dead. The actor’s personality was recreated using Deepfake technology. The technology allows you to revive static images and create realistic animations based on them.

But, Russians wouldn’t be Russian if they didn’t also invent a way to protect themselves from Deepfake technology and similar technologies for recreating voices. These technologies, developed by companies that are part of the Sberbank ecosystem, occupy leading positions in the world rankings of NIST, VOiCES, CHiME.

In medicine, AI has long been helping doctors make diagnoses based on ECG and MRI results. More than 2 million diagnoses have already been made in Moscow polyclinics with the help of AI.

Key indicators of publication and patent activity

Now Russia is implementing the National Strategy for the Development of AI for the period up to 2030. An agreement has been concluded between the Government, RDIF and Sberbank and the federal project “Artificial Intelligence” is being implemented, within the framework of which targeted financial support for projects is provided.

The main problem in the development of AI technologies in Russia is the lag in the electronic component base.

The prospects for the use of AI-based technologies are limitless: crop yield forecasting in agriculture, detection of hot spots to prevent forest fires, control of illegal deforestation, optimization of equipment operation modes, automated identification of mineral deposits, selection of optimal supply chains, production safety control, quality control of finished products. products, unmanned vehicles in everyday life, everyday life, agriculture, coal mines, paper document processing and much more.

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Internet of Things (IoT)
The Internet of Things is an absurd name for completely simple and very necessary approaches to organizing the management of something. For example, the concept of ” Smart Home ” implies that you buy a smart kettle, smart vacuum cleaner, smart dishwasher, smart leak sensors and everything else that has the prefix “SMART” or “smart”. Install the Smart Home app on your SMART phone and control your home from your phone via Wi-Fi or Bluetooth.

So, by the time you wake up, coffee will already be brewed in a smart coffee maker or the house will be cleaned with a smart vacuum cleaner by the time you return from work.

On a corporate scale, we are talking about organizing a unified enterprise management system, where millions of processes from many departments and departments can be brought together. No person is able to manage so many processes at the same time so effectively. The most valuable function of such systems is to control the slightest deviations in the operation of equipment and prevent breakdowns and accidents.

The full spectrum of a complete IoT system

Active distribution of IoT in Russia began relatively recently – in 2016-2017. The industry leaders include more than 150 organizations, including Rostec, MTS, VimpelCom, MegaFon, Rostelecom and others.

In 2019, a project was implemented to install a new digital complex at the key Ural power industry center to prevent disruption of the stability of the energy system. In the same year, the Center for Innovation and the Internet of Things in Healthcare was opened. A number of projects of smart cities and districts are being implemented in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kazan, Yekaterinburg, as well as in smaller cities, such as Innopolis and Sarov. But many developments of domestic organizations are of a highly specialized nature and are designed to solve specific problems – from collecting data from sensors and devices of housing and communal services (HCS) to monitoring the environmental situation.

Key indicators of publication and patent activity

The main problem of IoT development is dependence on foreign hardware components, which does not allow Russian solutions to compete adequately in the global market.

Russia has adopted the national program “Digital Economy of the Russian Federation” and created several specialized structures for the development of the industrial Internet.

In the future, IoT will be introduced into all spheres of human life, both in everyday life and in production: the introduction of intelligent management of communal infrastructure, the introduction of the Internet of Things as part of the creation of unmanned logistics corridors, the development of autonomous navigation and unmanned aerial cargo delivery, the implementation of services for remote monitoring of soil conditions and plants for various applications, remote health monitoring using personal medical assistants, and more.

In Russia, 5G communication networks are one of the priority areas of support in the field of technological development. You can learn more about 5G in this article . In 2019, an agreement was reached between the Government of Russia, Rostec and Rostelecom on the joint development of the high-tech direction “Mobile communication networks of the fifth generation”.

The main problem in the development of high technologies in Russia is the delay in the spread of 5G networks and the lack of its own element base. The geography of network coverage today is separate pilot zones. By 2024-2025, it is planned to expand the geography to 10 million-plus cities, by 2030 – up to 15 million-plus cities and adjacent satellite cities (30-60).

Key indicators of publication and patent activity

Nevertheless, there are a number of domestic solutions that can be considered successful. First of all, these are software developments for telecom operators (traffic management and balancing systems, billing systems and other service digital services and platforms).

Or, for example, on the basis of the GKB im. S.P. Botkin, the first test site in Russia was opened for piloting digital projects in the field of healthcare with the infrastructure of fifth-generation communication networks. Applied research, testing of prototypes and prototypes of innovative medical solutions based on 5G networks will be carried out here. This will allow startups to test developments using 5G technologies in real clinical conditions.

Quantum computing is one of the areas of quantum technologies that uses a new class of computing devices based on the principles of quantum mechanics.

A difficult topic to discuss even among scientists, but a simple example was born of how to understand the difference between familiar computing on a familiar computer or supercomputer and quantum computing on a quantum computer. Imagine that you need to shift several million apples from the table to the refrigerator. You will transfer one apple at a time – this is a regular computer. Do it running – it’s a supercomputer. If you can move all the apples at once, it’s a quantum computer. Those tasks that a quantum computer will calculate in seconds, a supercomputer will calculate in billions of years.

Rosatom and the Government of the Russian Federation have entered into an agreement on the development of the high-tech area “Quantum Computing” in Russia. In 2020, an agreement was signed in Russia on the creation of a scientific and technological consortium “National Quantum Laboratory”. The new association will consolidate the efforts of universities, research centers, development teams, start-ups, technology companies and financial institutions and will become the basis of the domestic quantum ecosystem.

Russia’s technological lag behind world leaders is estimated at 7-10 years. At the same time, the global market is developing unevenly, and it is extremely difficult to predict relative dynamics.

Key indicators of publication and patent activity

Among the key centers for quantum computing are the Russian Quantum Center, the Center for Quantum Technologies of Moscow State University. M.V. Lomonosov and the NTI Center on the basis of the Moscow State University, FSUE VNIIA im. N. L. Dukhova”, research organizations of the Russian Academy of Sciences, etc.

Quantum Communications (QC)
One of the areas of QC is the creation of secure communication channels based on quantum key distribution, a method for protecting transmitted information that makes it possible to guarantee data protection from unauthorized access.

It will not be difficult for quantum computers to crack any security code, because they calculate all the options at once, which means they will immediately find a suitable code that protects the system.

In our country, the highest level of development has been achieved in the development of products and technologies for the transmission of quantum keys via fiber optic channels. When creating systems for quantum key distribution over fiber-optic communication lines, the key task is to increase the length of quantum communication channels and the average generation rate of a “sifted” quantum key. For a number of solutions, pilot tests were carried out at the test sites of Rostelecom, Russian Railways and other companies.

The level of maturity of these technologies makes it possible to proceed to the stage of production and commercialization of products and services based on them (the 8th level of technology readiness), which corresponds to the advanced world level.

Key indicators of publication and patent activity

On the basis of Russian equipment, a number of quantum communication networks have been implemented in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kazan, Samara and other cities. On the fiber-optic infrastructure of Russian Railways, a pilot section of the backbone quantum network Moscow-St. Petersburg was created to connect data processing centers of the North-Western and Central federal districts. In the final configuration, the pilot section of the network is comparable or superior to foreign counterparts, including in terms of such characteristics as length, data transfer rate, and the number of intermediate nodes connected via FOCL. For the further development of quantum communications technologies in Russia, an urgent task is to implement a set of measures for the certification of developed products and complexes.

The demand for QC is driven by the growing importance of the threat of cyberattacks on government and medical institutions and industrial enterprises.

You can’t just take and fit all the directions in one article. Therefore, look for continuation and conclusions in the second part . Let’s talk about developments that are more of an infrastructure for the above areas than independent projects.

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