Literature is the best means of preserving the historical events and important factors of any nation or civilization and is itself a witness. Through literature, the precious events that take place in the society reach the nations like an invaluable heritage, from which the nation gets to learn a lot. In the past, the scope of literature was specific, but the evolutionary process of time has greatly expanded the scope of literature in modern times.
If you look at the past, poetry, fiction, song, storytelling and folklore were important components of literature. The best example of this is the system of love stories, such as Heer Ranjha. In Heer Ranjha and other such literary masterpieces, the poet has not only narrated a story but also the culture, rituals, way of life, lifestyle and standard of living of the time. As such, it is not only a literary masterpiece but also a focal point for students of history and culture.
Literature flourished in Europe during the Renaissance and earlier Muslim periods. If we talk about the Muslim era, then literature not only included story or poetry but also the surviving relics of Greek philosophy, jurisprudence and other religious sciences were also part of literature. This tradition then flourished in Europe during the Renaissance, which added more subjects to literature, such as modern philosophy, history, civilization and culture, painting and even music. In this way the scope of literature became wider and wider.
The most notable achievement of literature was that it became the protector of history. The history which was written by the will of the emperors in different courts and palaces was maintained by the writers through their dialogues, stories and myths etc. and maintained the public view of history. As a result, the point of view of the common people was preserved in literature instead of history. Apart from this, the most important achievement of literature was that it also included political philosophy and psychology which later became separate subjects in view of their breadth. Since sciences like politics are directly related to the people, the common people also turned towards literature from the subject of politics and not only did the trend of literature among the people increase but also literature expanded again.
When political philosophy was disseminated to the masses through a variety of myths and legends, it had remarkable practical results, making it an ideal figure for such great personalities as John Locke, Karl Marx, Voltaire, Jeremy Bentham, Lenin, and Trotsky. Became The ideas of these great people not only gained public popularity but also showed great feats in the practical field, the greatest examples of which are the French Revolution and the Russian Revolution. This was a brief discussion of the importance and breadth of literature.
Now let’s talk about Urdu literature. Urdu literature has not yet developed enough to compete with the literature of modern advanced languages. The main pillars in Urdu literature are still the same as in the past, such as poetry, novel writing, storytelling or fiction writing, etc. Modern sciences have also been worked on in Urdu literature but on a very small scale and the scope of Urdu literature is still very small compared to other languages.
If we were to look at Eastern politics, philosophy, or other ideologies, we would find many translators, but we rarely find the language’s own literature and elements of its breadth. If we look at the recent, the new and aimless experiments that are being done in the drama are reflected in the characters like Shiza Fada and Danesh Mahosh. This not only brings artificial innovation in our literature but also the scope of literature is limited to the same love, infidelity and Zulf Yar’s elbow. It should have happened that with the general access of communication in modern times, the scope of Urdu literature would have been widened, philosophical writings and psychological research would have come to the fore and the welfare of the nation would have been enhanced. But the reverse is true: on such important topics we will see select writers who are very few in terms of the language spoken by millions of people.
If we touch on the subject of politics, Urdu literature is almost barren, in which very few names are found who have worked seriously on this subject. We have only a few names like Hamza Alvi, Ali Abbas Jalal Puri, Syedna Maududi, Javed Ahmad Ghamdi and Iqbal who really shone like a candle in a dark night and expanded their literature.
In the Pakistani context, the greatest oppression in Urdu literature has been on historians. If we want to study the history of Pakistan at this time, we will often find books that have been written by the rulers themselves or written on their own initiative. Because of this, the facts have not yet reached the masses. First Pakistan, we were there too, Friends Not Masters and other such books are living proof of my point.
My aim is not to write lamentations on the low vision of Urdu literature but to make our writers write on poetry, fiction as well as modern subjects and topics so that we do not have to know our history from the British. Urdu literature should be adapted to modern requirements and expanded.