British and American scientists have come up with a joint idea that in addition to planting new plants and trees, if forests are also set on fire from time to time in a systematic way, it can reduce carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. It can be very helpful.
In a study published in the latest issue of the online research journal Nature Geoscience , experts say that natural forest fires are often beyond human control, causing large amounts of carbon dioxide to be released. Exhales into the atmosphere.
This fire is usually extinguished when the forest is completely burned up. And as a result, as air pollution increases, so does the fertility of the soil, making it harder for new plants and trees to grow in the future.
Conversely, if trees in forests are extinguished after burning for a certain period of time under human supervision, this process can be beneficial to the environment.
In their research, experts said that the temperature of artificial “controlled fire” in forests is much lower than that of natural fire.
Artificial combustion results in the formation of a large number of small pieces of charcoal (carbon coal) with a carbon-rich material in between.
Thanks to its organic matter, including carbon, it strengthens the beneficial microbes and fungi found in the soil.
According to experts, controlled fires also increase the growth of grasses in some areas, which have more organic matter in their roots.
The more organic matter in the grass roots, the more carbon is stored underground, which would otherwise be released in the form of carbon dioxide, which could lead to an increase in air pollution.
The aim is to reduce the environmental damage by increasing soil fertility through small scale artificial and regulated fires in forests.