Experts and students of the Department of Physiology, University of Sindh, after examining hundreds of children in Tharparkar, have presented a disturbing picture of malnutrition, underweight and short stature among the children there.
A recent study by the Journal of Pakistan Medical Association (JPMA) has revealed a study of children under the age of five in Tharparkar. It specifically examines children in remote and impoverished rural areas of Tharparkar.
The survey was conducted in four tehsils of Tharparkar during 2017 and 2018 in which 597 children under the age of five were examined. They included 299 girls and 298 boys. The average age of all children was 12 to 23 months. Surprisingly, dwarfism or stunting was prominent in 485 children, meaning that 81% of the children did not reach their full height in terms of age. Vesting was observed in 112 children up to 18%. In addition, 342 children, or 57 percent, were underweight at this age.
Although this study is a sample study, it has shown a severe decline in child development in Tharparkar.
Explaining the reasons for this, the experts said that the average income of these families is less than Rs 6,000 per month. Another important aspect is that the duration of breastfeeding by mothers was also shorter. Diarrhea and other illnesses in children have also been linked.