Anglo-Zanzibar War (August 27, 1896). The war was based on a brief skirmish between the British Raj and the Zanzibar Empire, but killed and injured 500 people, including civilians.
Zanzibar is now part of Tanzania, but at the time it had a great empire in Muslim hands.
Two days before the war, Sultan Hammad bin Thawini of Zanzibar died suddenly. The government was taken over by Khalid bin Bargash, the cousin of Baghdor Sultan (who is said to have poisoned the Sultan). But the British Raj did not like this person. The British wanted him to replace their favorite Hamud bin Muhammad with the throne.
Under an agreement reached between the two governments a year ago, the final decision on the election of Zanzibar Sultan was in the hands of Britain. But Khalid refused to accept British intervention in the matter. Britain invited him to the war.
Khalid was given a respite from the government at 9 am on August 27, but Khalid escaped with his bodyguards to his fort. And 2,800 soldiers prepared for battle. At 9 o’clock in the morning, Britain arrived with an army of 1000 men. Despite the large number of soldiers, Zanzibar had neither the best weapons nor combat training compared to the British army.
At exactly 9 o’clock the cannons were ordered to fire and the cannons started firing. 500 Zanzibar soldiers and civilians were injured and killed in indiscriminate firing and unprovoked attacks. At 9:40 a.m. the last two fires were fired and the battle ended.