Germany: It has long been known in science that regular exercise can create new blood vessels, but this process has not been medically and scientifically observed. However, some evidence of this has now emerged in experiments on mice.
New research shows that many types of new nerves and veins appear more quickly with exercise. Catherine de Bock, an exercise professor at the ETHH University in Zurich, says that millions of people around the world have their limbs amputated each year simply because their blood flow stops and such patients suffer from diabetes. Belong
According to him, the new research will help in the expansion of blood vessels and their role in the muscles. In this way we will be able to cure many diseases. To do this, they have conducted several experiments on human cells and mice.
Professor Catherine and her colleagues studied the effects of exercise on the tiny blood vessels. In particular, they focused on the outer walls of blood vessels, which contain endothelial cells. It was found that there are two types of endothelial cells. They can be identified by a specific molecule, ATF4. It was found that the tiny veins formed by cells with very small amounts of ATF-4 carry nutrients to the colorless or white muscle fibers. Nerves with a significant amount of ATF4 are part of the blood vessels and play an important role in the blood supply.
It was then discovered that exercise increases ATF-4 in endothelial cells and, surprisingly, this process begins at the time of cell division. In this way new capillaries are formed. But exercise does not make much difference to the vascular system with low ATF4. It was even found that endothelial cells filled with ATF four coats are always ready to create new veins, which scientists have called the ‘standby’ effect.
Now we know ATF4 which is a watchdog type of protein inside the cell. Thanks to this, new proteins and DNA are formed during exercise and new blood vessels are formed.
Although research on mice opens the way to human discovery, at this stage we can say that this process may also be found in humans. A practical demonstration of this has been seen in fast runners that by running continuously, more arteries and veins start forming in their heart. So today we can say that exercise speeds up this process. The record of this research is published in Cell Metabolism.